Blogpost5:Connection of Technology with concepts of diverse and Inclusive Education

Blogpost5:Connection of Technology with concepts of diverse and Inclusive Education

According to (United Nations, n.d.) “everyone has the right to education”. However, some students are facing limitations that make it difficult for them to integrate well in the traditional education system. Inclusive education can be defined as “all students attend and are welcomed by their neighbourhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and are supported to learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of the life of the school.” ( It is hard to educate every student especially students with special needs. However, technologies can be useful in improving inclusive technology. Technology can make it easier by providing some tools could help them to learn.

These are some of the tools:
“Reading tools: Reading tools are an example of an assistive technology reading tool is the ability of a software application to read the text aloud.
Writing tools : Writing tools offer a variety of features. One of these features is the ability of a writing program to speak as you type, either by letter, word or sentence and so give instant feed-back.”(Farrall & O’Connor, 2010,p.36)

Technology has made many students who have disability independent (Farrall & O’Connor, 2010). Now, they are able to read and write with the assistance of technology (Farrall & O’Connor, 2010). They are also, able to use the internet and communicate with others by use one or more tools of technology. Also, students with multiple disabilities could take advantages of technologies help.(Farrall & O’Connor, 2010)

digital divide:
according to Aleph Molinari in his TED talk, he said that digital divide has been defined as”the gap between individuals and communities that have access to information technologies and those that don’t”
Also, he talked a lot about it interestingly and briefly. He has critical evaluation about the idea of one laptop for a child in the way the possibility and economically. Then, he presented a better idea which could reach even more people than one laptop did. I really recommend having a watch to his talk. It is only 10 minutes long but it has good content:


To reflect on that I think it is not only the matter of accessibility, it is also the matter of awareness. talking about myself, I have accessed the technology and the internet since I was the high school. However, I was not aware enough about what can I learn or take advantage of. Until I took frameworks for understanding learning and technology enhanced learning courses. they really developed my awareness and my understanding of e-learning. also, it made me feel I want to create something and I want to continue my learning by myself after my master degree. I planned to explore more tools and create something useful then share it with the community throughout social media.


Farrall, J., & O’Connor, G. (2010). Inclusive learning technologies – supporting students of all abilities. Professional Educator, 9(1), 34–37., n.d.,

United Nations (n.d.). UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved January, 25 2007, from: University

Blogpost4:Differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning

Blogpost4:Differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning

Recently, there are many courses available for different topics and interests. Some of them are online courses while others are face-to-face courses. However, what are the differences and similarities between them? are there a huge deferent outcomes? This blog is focusing the differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning from relevant literature and my online experience.

According to Neuhauser (2010), there is no significance different between online and face-to-face in students’ outcomes. His study resulted in the average scores students have got in an online group and face-to-face group was 88.1% and 86.2% respectively. If this true then what techniques or strategies of the online course he meant. I knew there are many different styles of online learning. is it self-study without the need to teachers? or is it recorded class without interactive communication? or is it an online live class? So, I believe his research new to compare different techniques or strategies of online learning.

Also his study has reached the following results:
“1. There is no significant difference between the effectiveness of the learning activities as perceived by the two groups.
2. There are no significant differences between learning preferences/styles and success in the course for either group.
3. There is no significant difference between the descriptors used by the students of each group to describe the course.
4. There is no significant difference between the final grades and test scores of FTF and online students.
5. There is no significant difference between the effectiveness of the course as perceived by each group.”(Neuhauser, 2002)
reflection on Neuhauser’s results:
actually, I was surprised by this results in the way there is a little difference between online and face-to-face. but I wonder is there any rules or exceptions of his results. I think there are not enough details could help me to value the results. for example, has he covered the self-control in the online one or he just meant the course which organised and created by the teachers at the same time. I think this made me think that if they both have the same effect, I think I will prefer online courses as it is more convenient. Also, I believe it could be cheaper and scale easily.

another relevant study of the differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning (Scott D. Johnson, Aragon, & Shaik, 2000)
which have discussed the following points:
• The response that online students are getting is lower than face-to face-students.
• Face-to-face students have a chance to meet each other easily and discuss their work. However, online students don’t.
• Face-to-face students can get natural feedback. On the other hand, online students have a limited feedback.
• Face-to-face students have a direct contact and support. In contrast, online students have a technological contact and support.
• Face-to-face offer the students good communications and built relationships but online students not.
reflection on these points:
I agree with the authors in some points. However, It seems to me the authors are looking at the advantages of face-to-face and the disadvantages of online courses but they did not look at the opposite side. I believe there are many advantages of online course. such as, online courses are supporting disable people and so on. Moreover, these drawbacks can be mitigated by advances in technologies. For example, advance communication tools and social networks can solve the feedback and interaction issues.
My experience:
In my view, face-to-face classes and online classes are supporting each other.
Both of them have provided good outcomes to the students. However, I believe that online courses need a high level of self-motivation and time management to get the benefit of online courses.

Neuhauser, C. (2002). Learning Style and Effectiveness of Online and Face-to-Face Instruction. American Journal of Distance Education, 16(2), 99–113. doi:10.1207/S15389286AJDE1602_4
Scott D. Johnson, Aragon, S. R., & Shaik, N. (2000). Comparative Analysis of Learner Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in Online and Face-to-Face Learning Environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 11(1), 29–49.