Recently, there are many courses available for different topics and interests. Some of them are online courses while others are face-to-face courses. However, what are the differences and similarities between them? are there a huge deferent outcomes? This blog is focusing the differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning from relevant literature and my online experience.
According to Neuhauser (2010), there is no significance different between online and face-to-face in students’ outcomes. His study resulted in the average scores students have got in an online group and face-to-face group was 88.1% and 86.2% respectively. If this true then what techniques or strategies of the online course he meant. I knew there are many different styles of online learning. is it self-study without the need to teachers? or is it recorded class without interactive communication? or is it an online live class? So, I believe his research new to compare different techniques or strategies of online learning.
Also his study has reached the following results:
“1. There is no significant difference between the effectiveness of the learning activities as perceived by the two groups.
2. There are no significant differences between learning preferences/styles and success in the course for either group.
3. There is no significant difference between the descriptors used by the students of each group to describe the course.
4. There is no significant difference between the final grades and test scores of FTF and online students.
5. There is no significant difference between the effectiveness of the course as perceived by each group.”(Neuhauser, 2002)
reflection on Neuhauser’s results:
actually, I was surprised by this results in the way there is a little difference between online and face-to-face. but I wonder is there any rules or exceptions of his results. I think there are not enough details could help me to value the results. for example, has he covered the self-control in the online one or he just meant the course which organised and created by the teachers at the same time. I think this made me think that if they both have the same effect, I think I will prefer online courses as it is more convenient. Also, I believe it could be cheaper and scale easily.
another relevant study of the differences and similarities between online and face-to-face in teaching and learning (Scott D. Johnson, Aragon, & Shaik, 2000)
which have discussed the following points:
• The response that online students are getting is lower than face-to face-students.
• Face-to-face students have a chance to meet each other easily and discuss their work. However, online students don’t.
• Face-to-face students can get natural feedback. On the other hand, online students have a limited feedback.
• Face-to-face students have a direct contact and support. In contrast, online students have a technological contact and support.
• Face-to-face offer the students good communications and built relationships but online students not.
reflection on these points:
I agree with the authors in some points. However, It seems to me the authors are looking at the advantages of face-to-face and the disadvantages of online courses but they did not look at the opposite side. I believe there are many advantages of online course. such as, online courses are supporting disable people and so on. Moreover, these drawbacks can be mitigated by advances in technologies. For example, advance communication tools and social networks can solve the feedback and interaction issues.
In my view, face-to-face classes and online classes are supporting each other.
Both of them have provided good outcomes to the students. However, I believe that online courses need a high level of self-motivation and time management to get the benefit of online courses.
Neuhauser, C. (2002). Learning Style and Effectiveness of Online and Face-to-Face Instruction. American Journal of Distance Education, 16(2), 99–113. doi:10.1207/S15389286AJDE1602_4
Scott D. Johnson, Aragon, S. R., & Shaik, N. (2000). Comparative Analysis of Learner Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in Online and Face-to-Face Learning Environments. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 11(1), 29–49.